Subsídios para o Resgate de Identidade Céltica Britânica: Parte I – Córnicos

Instruções Gerais

Os povos CELTAS das Ilhas Britânicas são, em ordem alfabética, e nomes originais Celtas de seus países ou nações:

  • Córnicos (Cornualha, condado; Kérnow)
  • Escoceses (Escócia, nação constituinte com referendo de independência agendado para 2014; Alba)
  • Galeses (Gales, nação constituinte; Cymrú)
  • Irlandeses (Irlanda, país soberano, Irlanda do Norte, nação constituinte; Eire)
  • Maneses (Ilha de Man, país com autogoverno mas dependente da Coroa Britânica; Mannin)

Sempre recordando que há outros povos Celtas em outras partes da Europa! Aqui estamos nos dedicando aos Celtas das Ilhas Britânicas, não são de modo algum os únicos, muito pelo contrário, estudos das universidades de Trinity, Leeds e Cambridge comprovaram geneticamente que os Irlandeses descendem de Galegos e de outros povos do Norte da Península Ibérica.

Para maior agilidade, copiamos e colamos listas em inglês, apenas editando ou traduzindo quando havia necessidade, maiores informações ou correções poderão ser buscadas nas fontes desta coletânea!

Lista de Sobrenomes Córnicos

ABELL, ABEL, ABLE a-(p)bell, distant, far off (p mutates to b) poss: Biblical name Abel
ACHYM, ACHAM unknown meaning
AHEARN, AHERN hern,plural of horn,iron
ALLEE, A’LEE uncertain origin, perhaps French-Heugenot, but certainly in Cornwall since early times
ALLEN from personal name Allen
ALLETT from place name Alet,Kenwyn parish
ALSTON alston, unploughed land on a cliff or unploughed land near the shore
ANCELL, ANSELL anseghla, the dry place
ANDAIN, ANDAINE, ANDEAN, ENDEAN, ANDEN anden, the man (prob. a leading man) ENDEAN is the most common by far
ANDREW, ANDREWS not exclusively Cornish, but very popular name, patronymic, son of Andrew
ANDREWARTHA, ANDRAWORTHA, ANDREWARTH an(t)dre(gw)wartha, the upper homestead (t mutates to d) (gw mutates to w)
ANGARRACK an (c)garrek, the large rock (c mutates to g)
ANGEAR, AUNGER, ANGIER an(k)ger, the fort (k mutates to g), or angwer, the green
ANGELL, ANGEL angell,the light brown, tawny
ANGELLY, ANGILLEY, ANGILLOY an(k)gelly, the grove (k mutates to g)
ANGOVE an gof, the smith
ANGROIN poss: an croghen, the hide (c mutates to g) Just one family found in 1881 originating in St. Just in Penwith
ANGROUSE an (c)grows, the cross (c mutates to g)
ANGWIN an gwyn, the white or fair (man)
ANNAN, ANNING personal name Annan
ANNEAR, ANAER, ANEAR, ANNEER, ANNERE an hyr, the long or tall (man), or poss: an ewre, the goldsmith
ANNIS, ANNISS poss: from enys, island or isolated place
ANSTEY poss: from anys-ty, under the house
ANSTICE, ANSTISS, ENSTICE poss: from anysty, under the house
ANTRON an tron, the nose, or the promontory or headland, or poss: the throne
ARGALL argel,retreat, shelter or poss: ar gwal,above the wall
ARSCOTT poss: Breton, harscoet, iron shield
ARTHUR, ARTHURS from personal name Arthur or patronymic, son of Arthur
BALHATCHETT, BALHATCHET bal-? tin mine and unknown second element
BAIN, BANE, BEAN byan, little
BANDRY ban-dre, farm on a height
BARGUS, BURGUS bargos, buzzard, or poss: bar-(c)gos, top of the woods
BARAGWANATH, BARAGWANETH, BARAGWANOTH bara gwaneth, wheaten bread, Charnock prefers bar gwaneth, the top of the wheat field
BARFETT poss: from place name Trebarfoot, Poundstock parish
BARICOAT bar-i-cos, over the wood, I am of the opinion that this surname might be from Devon
BARNICOAT, BARNICUTT, BARNICKOAT, BARNICOT, BARNICOTE, BARNICOTT poss: from bar an cos, top of the wood, I am of the opinion that this surname might be from Devon
BASSETT, BASSET poss: bassya, become lower, short stature?
BASTARD poss: bos-arth, high dwelling
BASTIAN, BASTYAN, BASTIN, BASTAN, BASTION short form Sebastian
BASWEDNACK poss: bos Winnoc, Winnoc’s dwelling
BATH, BACH, BACHE, BAGG, BACK The name is most likely English, perhaps originating in the City of Bath, however some Cornish with this surname may be derived from; bath, boar; poss: bagh, a nook or corner, BATH is by far the most common
BATHER when Cornish, poss: bather, bathorI, a coiner or banker
BEAGLEHOLE bugel hal, herdsman of the moor
BEDELL, BODELL, BEADELL, BIDDLE, BEADLE bod Dell, dwelling of Dell
BEHENNA, BOHENNA bod Hennah, dwelling of Hannah; or byghenna, smaller
BEITH likely a personal name, as found in Trebeath, Egloskerry parish
BELL a (p)bell, far off, distant dweller,  p mutates to b, most BELLs are not of Cornish origin
BENALLACK, BONALLACK banallek, broom brake
BENNETTO, BENETTO children of Bennet or Benedict
BENNEY, BENNY, BINNEY, BUNNEY, BUNNY, BONNEY, PENNEY, BENOY, BONEY poss: bonny, cluster or clump of ores
BERRYMAN, BERRIMAN poss: man of St. Buryan
BERSEY, BURSEY unknown meaning
BERTY, BURTHY, BERTHO (p)berthy, bushes (p mutates to b)
BESCOBY bos Scoby, dwelling of Scoby
BESKEEN boskeyn, dwelling on the ridge, or bos cun, abode of dogs, poss: bos cun, dwelling of chief
BEST best,moss
BESWARICK, BESWARRICK bos gwarthek, dwelling of cattle, or bos Worec, dwelling of Worec
BESWETHERICK bos (g)wydhal, dwelling by the thicket, or bos Gwydhylek, dwelling of the Irishman (g is dropped)
BEVAN poss: of Welsh origin, ab Evan, son of Evan
BICE, BYSSE poss: bys, finger, perhaps a narrow strip of land, only BICE was found in 1881
BIDDICK, BIDDOCK from personal name Budic, or budhek, victorious
BINES poss: fromsurname Carbines, carn byan, little rock mass
BLAMEY poss: Cornish form of Bellamy
BLEE poss: a breakaway from BLIGH & BLIGHT, the Cornish white witch Tamsin Blight was known also as Tammy Blee.
BLIGHT, BLIGH, BLYTHE, BLYTH blydh, wolf, by far BLIGHT is the most common
BOADEN, BODEN bod en, dwelling with suffix en, hence a dwelling in a group of dwellings, only one BODEN was found in 1881
BOASE, BOAS, BOSE, BORES bos res, dwelling by the ford, only BOASE & BOAS were found in 1881
BOAST, BOST poss: nickname from bost, brag or boast
BODENHAM bod Dynham, dwelling of Dynham
BODIELLA bod Ella, dwelling of Ella
BODILLY, BADDELY bod Ella, dwelling of Ella
BODINNAR, BODINAR, BODINNER, BODENNER, BERDINNAR bod Ynyr, or bod EnerI, dwelling of Ynyr
BODY, BODDY, BODDIE poss: bod-dy, special kind of house in a group of houses
BOLITHO poss: bod lethyow, dwelling with dairies
BOND unknown meaning.
BONE unknown meaning.
BONYTHON bos Nectan, dwelling of Nectan
BORLASE, BORLACE, BURLACE, BURLASE bur-(g)las, green bank (g is dropped)
BOSANKETH, BOSANQUET bos Angawd, dwelling of Angawd
BOSANKO, BOSANKOE, BESANKO bos ancow, dwelling of death, or bos an cos,dwelling in the wood
BOSCAWEN bos scawen, dwelling of the elder tree, poss: bos Gawen, dwelling of Gawen
BOSENCE bos syns, dwelling of the holy men, or a sacred dwelling
BOSUSTOW, BOSISTO, BOSISTOW bos Ustoc, dwelling of Ustoc, poss: bos-ysow, corn abode
BOSVARGIS, BOSVURGUS, BUSVARGUS, BOSVARGOES bos (b)vargos, dwelling of the buzzard or poss: bos (b)var-(c)gos, dwelling at the top of the wood, place-name in St. Just. b mutates to v & c mutates to g
BOSWARVA bos worweth, end dwelling, poss: bos Gwrwydd, dwelling of Gwrwyyd
BOTHERAS porth Eres, cove or landing place of Eres
BOTTERELL, BOTTRELL, BOTRAL, BOTRALL prob. from place in Brittany, Tibida Boterel
BOUNDY, BOUNDAY, BOUNDEY bownd-dy, house by the miner’s claim
BOWDEN, BAWDEN Cornish form of Baudouin
BRANWELL poss: bran-iel, lowland frequented by crows
BRAY bre, hill
BRITTON, BRITTEN, BRIDDON descendants of Breton immigrant
BROCK brogh, badger
BROCKENSHAW, BROKENSHIRE poss: bro-kensa, first or chief in region, BROKENSHIRE is by far the most popular
BUCKETT, BOKETH, BOWKETT bos keth, dwelling of the serf or bondman
BUDDLE poss: corruption of Bodell
BULLOCK, BULLOCKE bulgh with diminutive yk, little hare-lipped man
BUNT poss: bans, high place, cliff
BURROWS, BARROW, BORROW burrow, embankments or entrenchments
BUSCOMBE, BUSCOMB, BISCOMBE poss: boscum, valley abode
BUSE, BEW, BEWES bew, lively
BUZZA bossow, dwellings
BUZZACOTT, BURSECOTT poss: Bersey’s dwelling
CADDY, CADY, CADE ke-dy, house surronded by a hedge
CADWALADER, CADWALLADER name of a Welsh saint
CADWELL related to CADWALADER
CALF, CALFF caf, cave, only the surname CALF was found in 1881
CANN can, brightness, splendour
CANT poss: from Latin canti, corner, hence people of the corner
CARAH, CARA, CARO, CAROE, KERROW (ker)car-ow, forts or earthworks (ker sometimes mutates to car), or poss: cara, to love, a loved one
CARBINES carn-byan, little rock pile
CARBIS car-(p)bons, cart bridge (p mutates to b)
CARDELL carn Dell, Dell’s rock pile
CARDER, CARTER (ker)car-(t)dyr, land by the fort (ker sometimes mutates to car)(t mutates to d) 470 of those found in 1881 were CARTER
CARDEW (ker)car-du, dark fort or earthwork (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARDY, CARTY, CARTHY (ker)car-dy, house by the fort (ker sometimes mutates to car) only CARTHY was found in 1881
CARE (ker)car, fort or earthwork (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CAREW kerrow, forts
CAREY, CARY, CARRY (ker)car, fort or earthwork (ker sometimes mutates to car) or poss: from cara, to love, a loved one
CARGEEG, CARGEEGE, CARKEEK (ker)car-ke-ek, fort with a hedge around it (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARHART (ker)car-hordh, fort of the ram (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARKEET, KARKEET poss: (ker)car-keth, fort of the serf (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARLIN (ker)car-lyn, fort by the pool (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARLUS, CARLOSS (ker)car-los, grey fort (ker sometimes mutates to car), CARLUS might not be a Cornish surname
CARLYON, CORLYON (ker)car-lyjyon, camp of the legion, or (ker)car-leghen, earthwork of slate or shale (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARNALL, CARNELL poss: carn-hal, rock pile on the moor
CARNE carn, rock pile
CARNSEW carn-su, dark pile of rocks (su is a variant of du)
CARRACK, CARRICK carrek, rocky mass
CARRIVICK poss: from place name Carevick, Cubert parish
CARTHEW (ker)car-du, dark camp or dark fort (ker sometimes mutates to car) (d mutates to soft th)
CARVETH, CARVATH, CORVETH (ker)car-(m)vergh, camp of the horses (ker sometimes mutates to car) (m mutates to v)
CARVOLTH poss: carn-(m)volgh, rock pile of the thrush (m mutates to v) (thrush is actually molgh los)
CARVOSO, CARVOSSO, CARVOSOE, CARVOSSOE poss: (ker)car-fos-ow, fort with walls or ditches, place in Ludgvan, Carvossa, in 1775 it was Carvossow
CARWANA (ker)car-whennen, camp of weeds (ker sometimes mutates to car)
CARWIN, CARWYN (ker) car-(g)wyn, white camp (ker sometimes mutates to car) (g is dropped)
CASE, CASS poss: cas, war, or battle, 781 of those in 1881 were CASE
CASLEY, CAUSLEY caslys, headquarters or entrenchment, CASLEY is by far the most common
CASTINE poss: cas-tyn, cruel war
CATTRAN Cornish form of Catherine?
CAVILL, CAVELL poss: Cyvel, a personal name, or kevyl, horse
CAWRSE cors, bog
CHARKE unknown meaning
CHEFFERS, CHIFFERS, CHIVERS chy fer, house by the fair
CHEGWIN, CHEGWYN, CHIGWIN chy gwyn, white house
CHEGWIDDEN, CHYGWIDDEN, CHEGWEDDEN, CHIRGWIDEN chy gour gwyn, house of the white (fair) man (first g is dropped), place-name in St. Levan.
CHELLEW chy logh, house by the lake, or chy Lew, house of Lew
CHENERY chy-nerewey, house in bounds
CHENHALLS chy an als, house on the cliff
CHENHELL, CHENHALL chy an hal, house on the moor
CHENOWETH, CHYNOWETH chy noweth, new house
CHIRGWIN chy gour gwyn, house of the white (fair) man (first g is dropped)
CHIVELL poss: chy aval, house of apple
CHIVERTON chy war ton, house on the unplowed grassland
CHOAK chok, jackdaw
CHOWN, CHOWNE, CHONE, CHOWEN, CHOWAN, CHOWING, CHOWINS, CHOUNENS, CHUNN, CHAWN chy-woon, house on the down. Chun & Chywoon in West Penwith share this origin. While only 25 persons are living in Cornwall in 1881 there are many hundreds in Devon, possibly leading to an origin in that area.
CLEGG poss: clegh, bells, thus a bell ringer
CLEMO, CLIMO, CLEMOW, CLYMO, CLYMOW, CLEMMOW of Clement’s family
CLEWS breakawayfromsurname Carclew
CLINOCK, CLINICK, CLINNICK, CLYNICK poss: from lonek,bushy place
CLOGG clog, crag or cliff
CLOKE, CLOAK, CLOAKE, CLOOK clogh, bell, or clog, crag or cliff, only 4 CLOOKs were found in 1881
CLYMAS, CLIMAS unknown meaning
COAD, COADE, CODE, COOD coth, old or cos, wood, only one COOD was found in 1881
COATH coth, old
COCK, COCKS poss: cok, a type of sail boat, or cok, empty or vain, it is possible that COX is included in this group in Cornwall, if so add 181 to the total, it is also plausible that COCKS is really COX if so deduct 79 from total.
COGAR poss: chogha, jackdaw a nickname for a chatterer
COLENSO, COLENSOE, CALLENSO ke lyn su, dark hedged pool, or poss: for CALLENSO, callen-su,dark layer of iron-ochre on a rock-face
COLLETT collwedh, hazel trees
COLLEY, COLLIE, COLLY, COLLE coll-egy, hazel place
COLLICK, COLLECK, COLLECT, COLLICT coll-yk, little hazel grove
COLLIS coll-ys, lower hazel grove or poss: goles, bottom or lowest part
COLLIVER coll-egy-va, place of hazels
COLQUITE poss: kyl-cos, back of wood
COMBELLACK, COMBELLICK poss: carn pellek, small rounded rockpile
CONGDON poss: corndyn, corner fort
CONNER personal name Conor
COOMBE, COOMBES, COOM cum, little valley?
COON cun, dogs
COPP poss: cop, summit
COREY, CORY poss: cor-e(g)y,corner place
CORIN, CORYN cor-yn, in a corner
CORNISH, CORNWALL from Anglo Saxon, Corn-welas, stranger of the horn or headland, only two entries for CORNWALL were found in 1881
COSSENTINE, CONSTANTINE from Constantine perhaps the saint
COTHEY coth-e(g)y, old place, or cothhe, to grow old
COTTELL, COTELL, COTTLE cos-hayl, wood near the estuary
COUCH cough, red
COWLING, COWLIN, COWLYN poss: from cawlen, cabbage, poss: cow-lyn, pool in a hollow
COWLS, COULLS, COULES cowel, basket
CRADDOCK, CRADOCK, CRADDICK, CRADICK personal name Caradoc
CRAGO, CRAGOE crugyow, barrows or mounds
CRAGGS, CRAIG carrek, rocky mass
CRAPP poss: crapya, to grip
CRAZE, CRASE cres, middle
CREBO, CREBA, CREEBA crybow, reefs or ridges
CREED poss: from parish names Creed or Sancreed or the Cornish saint Creed
CREEK crug, mound
CROCKER, CROKER unknown meaning, only 8 of 375 were CROKER
CROGGAN, CROGGON poss: croghen, skin, hide, leather
CROWGEY crow-(ch)jy, a hut, or single-roomed cottage (ch mutuates to j)
CROWLE, CROWL poss: crow(le), a cottager. Specifially a one-roomed cottage.
CUFF, CUFFE cuf, dear or kind
CULLUM from Saint Columb
CUNNACK, CONNOCK, CUNNICK connek, clever skillfull, or from personal name Conoc, quite possibly not a Cornish name as CONNOCK, CANNOCK etc. appear in the West Country.
CUNDY cun dy, house of dogs
CURGENVEN car-Cenwyn, camp of Kenwyn
CURNOW Kernow, Cornishman
CURROW currow, borders of country
CURRY, CURRIE unknown meaning
CURTIS, COURTIS, COURTICE, CORTEYS, COURTIES poss: cortys, courts or cortes, courtous
DADDOW poss: da-dow, the good
DANING, DANNAN, DANNING poss: from place Bodannan, St. Endellion parish, bosAnnan, dwelling of Annan
DAWE unknown meaning; if Cornish or West Country poss: from Cornish Dewy, David. Many Cornish words have dew as a prefix, an interesting possibility is Dewnek, a person from Devon, a place where the name is found in numbers. Found in Fowey, Cornwall as early as 1377. Dawlish in Devon possibly derives from du = dark or black and a second element.
DEANE, DEAN den, man
DELL poss: personal name Dell, poss: dol, a dale (doubtful)
DENNIS, DINNIS, DINAS dynas, castle or hill fort.
DERRICK, DERICK derowek, oak grove
DERRY, DERREY derow, oak trees
DEVERIL, DEVERAL dowr-iel, stream within fertile banks
DEW du, dark, black, sombre
DILLY personal name Dili
DINHAM, DENHAM, DYNHAM poss: dynyon, hill forts
DINNER, DENNER from saint Diner
DOBLE, DOBELL unknown meaning
DOLLEY, DOLLY, DOLEY poss: dol-y(n), narrow meadow with a stream
DOW poss: du, dark or black
DOWER dowr, water
DOWLING, DOWLYN poss: deulyn, knees? or poss: dow-lyn, water pool
DOWRICK dowr-yk, little water
DRAKE unknown origin, poss: tre-yk, little homestead
DRAY tre, homestead
DREW poss: tro, turn or twist or poss: dryw, wren
DUNGEY poss: dyn-jy, house by hill fort, poss: dun-ke, hill enclosed by a hedge
DUSTOW poss: from parish name Davidstow, or from personal name Ustoc
DYER tyor, thatcher
EATHORNE, EATHORN eythyn, furze bush
EDDY, EAD, EADE, EDE poss: from personal name Udy or Ide
EDYVEAN, EDDYVEAN, EDYVANE poss: Edno-(b)vyan, little Uthno (b mutates to v), or poss: Udy-(b)vyan, little and personal name Udy, signifying Udy junior? (b mutates to v)
ELLACOTT, ELLACOT, ELECOTT poss: hybrid Cornish/Anglo Saxon Elli’s cottage
ELLENS, ELLINS, ELLING elyn, corner, or poss: elyl, probably a plot of ground
ELLERY, ELERY elergh(y), swans
ELLIOTT, ELLIOT, ELIOTT from personal name Elli
ELLIS poss: children of Elli
ENDEAN, ANDAIN, ANDEAN, ANDEN anden, the man (prob. a leading man) ENDEAN is the most common by far
ENNIS, ENYS, ENNES enys, island or remote place
ENNOR poss: enor, honour
EUSTICE, EUSTACE, EUSTIS, EUSTES unknown meaning, EUSTICE is the most common by far
EVA, EVEA poss: from personal name Hyviu, only 1 of the entries in 1881 was EVEA
EVANS Celtic form of John, but possible the name is Welsh even when in Cornwall
FAULL poss: fall, fail or fault, poss: faw-la, place of beeches
FENTON, FANTON fenten, spring or well, a variant of VENTON
FIDDICK, FIDOCK, FIDDOCK unknown meaning
FLOYD from personal name Lloyd
FOSS fos, wall, rampart, ditch
FOUND unknown meaning
FRAYN, FRAYNE unknown meaning
FREETHY, FREATHY, FREATHEY, FREETHEY, FRETHY, FRETHEY freth, eager, alert
FRIGGENS, FRIGGINS poss: fregys, nickname for a ragged person
FRY unknown meaning
GALE, GALL, GALLIE unknown meaning
GARLAND from placename Tregarland in Morval parish
GAY, GAYE (k)ge, hedge, (k mutates to g)
GEACH unknown meaning
GEAKE poss: (k)ge-ek, hedged (k mutates to g)
GEAR an ger, the hill fort
GEE unknown meaning
GERRANS from parish Gerrans which itself is derived from Cornish King Gerent
GEW (k)gew, field enclosure, (k mutates to g)
GIDDY, GEDYE gedyer, guide
GILL poss: from gell, brown or tawny
GILLIS poss: from gell, brown or tawny
GLASS, GLASSE glas, green or blue
GLASSON glesyn, grass plot
GLYNN, GLINN, GLYN glyn, deep valley
GLOYN, GLOYNE glow-(pr)en, charcoal
GLUBB poss: gleb, damp or moist
GLUYAS from parish name St. Gluvias
GOARD, GOURD, GORD poss: a derivation of COAD, hence the meaning an-goth, woodland (c mutates to g)
GODDEN, GOODEN, GOODWIN, GOODING, GODDING unknown meaning, has been suggested that it means good friend, perhaps not Cornish
GODOLPHIN godolghyn, rising ground
GOFF, GOUGH, GOFFE unknown meaning
GOLDSWORTHY poss: gol-erewy, field of a feast or fair
GOLLEY, GOLLIE, GOLLY gol-ey, feast or fair place
GONINAN, GONINON (k)ge-onnen, hedge of ash trees, (k mutates to g)
GONEW, GONOW gonyow, downs. A name found in St. Ives, usually an alias of the STEPHENS family, probably from place of same name in Lelant.
GOOL, GOLE goles, bottom
GORDON poss: from gordhyans, honour
GOSS cors, bog with rushes
GOVER, GOVIER gover, brook, stream
GOVETT poss: from goves, smiths
GREEP, GRIPE, GREPE an (c)gryb, crest or ridge (c mutates to g)
GREET an (c)grug(t), barrow or mound (c mutates to g)
GREY, GRAY gre, flock or herd
GRIBBEN, GRIBBIN, GRIBBON (c)gryb-yn, narrow ridge or crest (c mutates to g)
GRIBBLE (c)gryb-a-bell, the distant ridge (c mutates to g)
GRIGG, GREGG, GRIG gregga, to cackle
GROSE an (c)grows, the cross (c mutates to g)
GRYLLS, GRILLS poss: gryll, a cricket
GUE an (k)gew, paddock, (k mutates to g)
GUMMOW, GUMMOE, GUMMO cummow, small valleys
GUNDRY gun-dre, homestead or farm on the down
GWAVAS gwavas, winter abode
GWENNAP, GWENAP from parish name Gwennap
GWINNEL poss: from gwennol, a swallow
GWYNN gwyn, white
HALES, HALE, HAIL hal, moor
HALVOSE, HALVOSO from the place Halvose in Manaccan; hal-fos which means moor ditch, or the plural form hal-fos-ow
HAMMETT, HAMMET unknown meaning
HAMMILL, HAMMELL, HAMEL, HAMMIL from personal name Hamil
HAMPTON unknown meaning
HANCOCK hen-gok, great grandfather, ancestor
HARE hyr, long
HART poss: horth,ram
HARVEY poss: arva, to arm
HAWKEY, HOCKEY unknown meaning, but found predominately in Cornwall, earliest known occurance in Cornwall is 1402. When found elsewhere the lines usually trace back to Cornwall. There once was a surname TREHAWKEY, and there is a place called Trehawke.
HAYNE, HEYNES, HAIN, HAINES poss: hen, old, HAYNE is the most common by far in 1881
HEAL, HEALE hel, hall
HEARN, HEARNE, HERN hern, plural form of hern, iron
HELLEN, HELEN, HELLINGS, HELLYNS unknown meaning
HELLYAR, HELLYER, HELLIER poss: Cornish dialect hellyer, slater or from helgher, huntsman
HENDRA, HENDER hen-dra, old place
HENDY, HENDEY hen-dy, old house
HENDRY hen-dre, old farm
HENNAH, HENNA, HENNEA, HANNAH henna, older
HITCHENS, HICHENS poss: variation of HUTCHENS
HOBBA, HOBBAH hobba, riding horse
HOCKING, HOCKIN, HOCKEN, HOCKYN unknown meaning, according to Roger Hocking, the first occurence of the surname in the area was around 1100 when a Fleming trader emigrated from Bruges or Ghent to Bideford Devon. Poss: derivred from Germanic hock meaning tall, hence Hock-yn; the tall one.
HOLLOW hallow, moors
HOLMAN if found in Cornwall poss: hal-men, moorstone
HONEY pet form of Hannibal?
HORNE, HORN horn, iron
HOSKING, HOSKIN, HOSKEN, HOSKYN heskyn, sedge-marsh, the surname HOSKINS is not a Cornish name, however when found in Cornwall it may actually be a variant of HOSKIN
HOWELL from personal name Howel
HUDDY huth-dy, shady house
HUGH, HUGHES from personal name Hugh
HUGHNANS poss: Hugh-nans, Hugh’s valley, or poss: ugh-nans, high valley, poss: an early variant of HUTHNANCE
HUNKIN, HUNKING, HUNKEN unknown meaning
HURDEN, HURDON from place name Hurdon in Altarnun parish
HUTCHENS, HUTCHINS, HUTCHING, HUTCHINGS diminutive of personal name Hugh
HUTHNANCE huth-nans, shady or sheltered valley, note this doesn’t follow the normal word order, therefore is open to a degree of doubt. Likely named for the place-name Huthnance.
INNES, INNIS enys, island
INCH enys, island
ISBELL, ISBLE ys-bell, lower, distant
IVE, IVEY, IVY unknown meaning
JAGO, JACKA, JACKO, JACO Cornish form of James
JELBERT, JELBART Cornish form of Gilbert
JENNER poss: from jynor, engineer
JEWELL, JEWELLS, JEWEL, JEWELS, JEWIL, JEWOL poss: from Cornish personal name Judhall
JORY, JOREY Cornish form of George
JOSE Romano-Celtic surname, borrowed from the Latin name Joseus during Roman occupation
JOLLY, JOLLEY, JULEFF, JULIFF, JULIEF, JOLLIFFE, JOLIFE, JOLLIFF, JOLL, JOLLOW jolyf, lively, jolly, pleasant
JULYAN, JULIAN Romano-Celtic surname
KEAST kest, straw basket
KEAT, KEATS, KIET, KEATT, KEET, KEITH, KEATH keth, slave or serf
KEEL kel, shelter
KEEN, KEANE ky-yn, little dog or poss: cun, dogs
KEIGWIN ky-gwin, white dog
KELLOW kellyow, groves
KELLY, KELLEY kelly, grove
KELYNACK kelynek, holly grove
KEMP, KEMPE poss: from kempen, neat or tidy
KEMPTHORNE, KEMPTHORN, KIMPTHORN poss: kempen-?, neat or tidy and uncertain second element
KERNICK, CORNICK kersy, fens
KESKEYS ker-skewys, sheltered camp
KESTLE, KESTELL, KESSELL kestel, earthwork fort
KEVERNE, KEVERN from parish name St. Keverne
KEVETH ker-(m)vergh, camp of horses (m mutates to v)
KEY, KEYS from parish name Kea
KILLICK culyek, cock
KILLIGREW kelly-gre, grove of herd
KIMBER Kembrek, Welsh
KINGDON poss: cun-dyn, chief fort, I have not included KINGDOM in the count
KINGHORN from personal name Kynhorn, kyn-hoern, iron chief
KINSEY poss: kensa, first or foremost
KINVER cun-va, dog’s place
KIRBY, KERBY poss: cryb-ek, ridged
KITTO, KITTOW, KITTOE poss: Kit’s children, Kit is a pet form of Christopher
KIVELL, KIVEL poss: personal name Gyfel
KLISKEY cowl-lesky, burn up completely
KNEEBONE breakaway from Carnebone, Wendron parish which is derived from carn-Ebwen, Ebwen’s rock-pile
KNUCKEY, KNUCKY kenegen, boggy place
KYMBRELL, KYMBREL, KIMBRELL unknown meaning, poss: relating to Kembry, Wales
LAITY leth-ty, dairy, literally milk house
LAMBRICK lan-bron-wyk, enclosure of hill wood
LAMPIER lan-plu, parish churchyard
LANDER, LAUNDER, LADNER lan-der, churchyard
LANDERYOU, LENDERYOU lan-derow, enlosure of oak trees
LANDRY, LANDREY, LAUNDRY lan-dre, enclosure of farm or churchyard house
LANFEAR Iposs: lan-fer, fairground
LANSALLOS from parish name Lansallos
LANYON lyn-yeyn, cold pool
LAVIN poss: leven, smooth
LAWRY, LAWREY, LEWRY, LOWRY, LORY poss: from personal name Llywri
LEAH lehow, slabs or lyha, least
LEAN lyn, pool
LEAVERS, LEVERS, LAVERS, LEVER, LEAVER, LAVARS poss: from personal name Lliver
LEDDRA leder, steep slope
LEGASSICK lagasek, big-eyed
LEGG, LEGGE Iegh, slab
LEGGO, LEGGOE leghow, slabs
LEIGH Iegh, slab
LELEAN, LETHLEAN leth-lyn, milk pool
LEWARNE, LEWARN, LEWIN lan-(g)wern, enclosure of alders (g is dropped)
LEY, LAY legh, slab
LIDDICOAT, LIDDICOT, LIDDICOTT unknown meaning
LIDGEY lughy, calves
LIGHT poss: legh-tes, warm slab
LOCK, LOCKE poss: lok, monastic cell
LOWER, LAWER lowarth, garden
LOYE, LOY personal name Loy
LOZE los, grey
LUGG lugh, calf
LUKEY, LUKY, LUCKEY personal name Lywci
LUTEY, LUTY, LEUTY lugh-ty, calf-house
LUZMOOR, LUZMORE, LUXMORE poss: los-Mor, grey and personal name Mor
LYNE, LINE lyn, pool or strip of land, only 3 LINEs were found in 1881
MABIN, MABYN from parish St. Mabyn
MABLIN map-lyen, clerk or clergyman
MADDERN, MADRON from parish name Madron
MADDOCK, MADDOX, MADDICK personal name Madoc
MAGOR, MEAGOR, MEAGER, MAJOR magor, ruin, old walls
MAILE, MALE, MAEL, MAYLE, MAYEL poss: from personal name Mael
MAKER magor, ruin, old walls or from parish name Maker
MANHIRE, MINEAR, MENNEER, MENEAR men-hyr, long stone, usually meaning a standing stone
MANKEE, MANKEY men-kea, stone hedge
MANUEL, MANUEL, MANUAL, MANNEL, MANELL, MANNELL Cornish form of Emmanuel, or poss: men-hewol, lookout stone
MARRACK marghak, knight
MARTIN, MARTINS, MARTYN patronymic name son of Martin, found throughout Britain
MAY unknown meaning
MAYNE, MAINE, MAIN men, stone
MENADUE meneth-du, dark hill
MENAGUE menegh, monks
MENHENICK, MENHINICK, MENWYNICK from place-name Menwynick , men-(gw)wyn-ek, whitish stone
MENHENITT, MENHENIOTT from parish name Menheniot
MENNA meneth, mountain, in Cornwall this would be a tall hill, place-name Menna in St. Dennis & Ladock both places recorded with earlier spelling Meneth.
MERRICK, MERICK morek, maritime
MERRIN, MERREN, MURRIN from parish name St. Merryn
MESSA messa, to gather acorns
MILDREN unknown meaning
MINERS poss: a variant of MINEAR
MITCHEL, MITCHELL, MICHEL, MICHELL Myghal, Conish form of Michael
MITCHELMORE Myghal-mur, great Michael, probably Saint Michael
MOON mon, slender or slim
MORCOM, MORCOMB, MORCUM mor-cum, valley leading to the sea
MORGAN from Welsh and possibly Cornish personal name Morgan
MORRISH, MORISH from personal name Morris
MOUNTER mun-tyr, mineral land
MOYLE mol, bald or bare
MULFRA mol-(b)vre, bare hill (b mutates to v)
MUNDY, MUNDAY, MONDAY mun-dy, mineral house
MYLOR from parish name Mylor
NANCARROW nans-carow, valley of stag or deer
NANCE nans, valley
NANCOLLAS, NANCHOLLAS nans-goles, bottom of the valley
NANJULIAN, NANJULYAN nans Julian, valley plus personal name Julian, JULIAN or JULYAN is a common surname in Cornwall.
NANKERVIS nans-kervys, valley of stag or deer
NANKIVELL, NANCEKIVELL nans-Cyfel, valley of Cyfel
NANSCAWEN nans-scawen, valley of elder trees
NEGUS know-gos, nut grove
NEWTH noweth, new
NINNIS, NINNES, NINNISS, NINNESS enys, island
NOALL, NOELL, NOEL, NOWELL probably given to those born at Christmas originally
NOON un, the down
NOY, NOYE unknown meaning
OATES, OATS, OATTS, OATEY poss: from German name Audo (later Otho)
ODGERS, ODGER poss: from personal name Roger, or from German name Odger
OLD, OLDE, OLDS, OULD als, cliff, shore
OLVER, OLIVER, OVER, OLIVER, OLIVEY (g)olva, watch place, lookout (g is dropped)
OPIE, OPEY, OPPY personal name Oby a diminutive of Osbert
PADDY pet form of Patrick
PASCOE Pask, Easter
PAWLEY, PAWLE, PAULLE. PAWLY, PAULLEY, PAUL, PAULL Cornish form of Paul
PAYNTER, PAINTER, PANTER unknown meaning
PEARN, PEARNE poss: brekaway from place Trepearne in Laneast & Sheviock parish which is from tre-spernen, homestead of thorns
PELLEW, PELLOW pelyow, balls
PELLYMOUNTER, POLMOUNTER, PALAMOUNTAIN pol-mun-tyr, pool by the mineral land
PELMEAR, POLMEAR, POLMEER, POLMERE, POLMER pol-mur, big pool
PENALUNA pen-lynnow, head of pools
PENBERTHY, PENBERTH pen-perthy, end of bushes
PENCAVEL, PENCAVILLE poss: pen-kevil, horse head, or poss: pen-kevelek, woodcock’s head
PENDARVES, PENDARVIS pen-derow or pen-dar, end of an oak wood
PENDENNIS, PENDENIS pen-dinas, headland with a fort
PENDER, PENTER pen-dyr, end of land
PENDRAY, PENDRY, PENDREA pen-drea, principal homestead or pen-dre, end of homestead
PENELLUM pen-ylyn, clean or bright head
PENFOUND poss: pen-fawen, end of beach trees
PENGELLY, PENGILLY, PENGELLEY, PENGILLEY pen-kelly, end of grove
PENGLAZE, PENGLASE pen-glas, green head or top
PENHALE, PENHALL, PENHAUL pen-hal, end of moor
PENHALIGON, PENHALIGAN, PENHALLIGON, PENHELEGON, PENHALEGEN pen-helygen, end of willow tree
PENHALLOW pen-hallow, end of moors
PENHALLURICK, PENALLURICK, PENLERICK pen-hal-lurek, top of cultivated ground on moor
PENHORWOOD unknown meaning
PENNA, PENNEY, PENNO, PENNOW, PENNOE an-penna, chiefest, or from pennow, tops or heads
PENNECK pen-knegh, top of the hillock
PENNELL pen-?, head and unknown second element, perhaps variant of PENHALE?
PENPAWL poss: pen-pol, pool end
PENPRASE, PENPRAZE, PENPRISE pen-pras, end of meadow
PENRICE pen-res, end of ford
PENROSE pen-ros, end of moor
PENTECOST, PENTICOST, PENTACOST poss: pen-ty-cos, chief house in the wood
PENTER poss: pen-tir, end of land
PENTREATH pen-treth, top of the beach
PENVER pen-(m)vur, big hill-top(m mutates to v)
PENVOSE pen-fos, ditch end
PENWARDEN, PENWARNE, PENWARN pen-(g)wernen, end of alder trees (g is dropped)
PENWITH pen-with, furthest end
PEPPER poss: peber, baker
PERMEWAN porth-mewan, the cove or beach of St. Mewan
PERREN, PERRIN, PERRING, PERRAN from Saint Piran, patron saint of tinners and unofficially of Cornwall
PERROW poss:from perrow, cauldrons or crocks
PETHERICK, PEDRICK, PETHICK diminutive of Petroc, father of Cornish saints
PETHYBRIDGE, PETHERBRIDGE poss: derived in some way PETHERICK
PEZZACK poss: ma(b)p-ysak, son of Issac (ma is dropped, b mutates to p)
PILL pyl, hillock
PINNICK pen-ewyk, headland frequented by deer
PINNOCK, PENNOCK from parish name St. Pinnock
PLEMING plu-men, parish (boundry) stone
POLGLAZE, POLGLASE pol-glas, blue or green pool
POLGREAN, POLGREEN pol growyn, pool with gravel or grit
POLKINGHORNE, POLKINHORN pol-Kynhorn, pool of Kynhorn
POLLAK, POLLOK, POLLOCK if Cornish, pol-lok, pool by monastic cell
POLLARD pol-?, pool and second unknown element
POLSUE pol-jueI. black pool
POLWHELE pol-whyl, pool of beetles or poss:pol-(g)wel, pool in open field
POLWIN pol-wyn, white or fair pool
POOL, POOLE, POOLEY, POOLY pol, pool
POPE poss: popa, puffin (doubtful)
POWELL ma(b)p-Howel, son of Howel. (ma is dropped, b mutates to p)
PRAED pras, meadow
PREECE, PRICE, PRYCE ma(b)p-Rees, son of Rees
PRIDEAUX poss: pry-tyas, clay covered
PRISK, PRISKE prysk, bush
PRITCHARD, PRICHARD ma(b)p-Richard, son of Richard (ma is dropped, b mutates to p)
PROUT prowt, nickname meaning proud or puffed up
PROWSE, PROUSE ma(b)p-ros, son of heath (ma is dropped, b mutates to p)
PRYNNE, PRYNNE, PRYN, PRINN ma(b)p-Ryn, son of Rynne (ma is dropped, b mutates to p)
QUICK gwyk, wood or village
QUINTRELL, QUINTREL, QUINTRAL poss: from goon-Terrel, Terrel’s down
REES, REECE res, ford
REPPER, RIPPER from place name Bareppa, Mawnan parish & Berepper, in several parishes these being derived from the French beau-repere, meaning beautiful retreat
RESCORLA, ROSCORLA ros-corlan, heath of sheepfold, or res-corlan, ford or sheepfold
RESEIGH res-segh, dry ford
RESKELLY, ROSKELLY, ROSKILLY res-kelly, ford by the grove, or ros-kelly, heath by the grove
RICE, RYCE res, ford
RESTARICK res-dowrak, ford of watery place, or ros-dowrak, heath of watery place
RETALLACK, RETALLICK res-talek, ford at base of short, steep slope.
ROACH, ROCHE from parish name Roche, derived from the French roche, meaning rock, only 5 ROCHEs were found in 1881
RODDA poss: a personal name
ROSCARROCK ros-carrek, rocky heath or promontory
ROSCROW, ROSKROW ros-crow, heath with a hut
ROSDEW ros-du, black heath or dark heath
ROSEMAYLE ros-Mael, Mael’s heath
ROSEMERGEY, ROSEMURGY, ROSEMURGY ros-mergh-(dy), horse-house (stable) on the heath or moor
ROSEVEAR, ROSVEAR, ROSEVEARE, ROSVEARE, ROSEVERE, ROSVARE ros-vur, big heath or big moor
ROSEWALL res-(g)wal, ford by the wall (g is dropped)
ROSEWARNE ros-(g)wern, heath with alders, or heath by swamp
ROSKRUGE ros-cru(k)g, heath of the mound or barrow (k mutates to g)
ROSS ros, heath or moor
ROWE, ROW, RAWE Cornish form of Ralph
ROWSE, ROUSE, ROWS ros, heath or moor, only 10 ROWs were found in 1881
RULE, RAWLE, ROWLE, ROWELL from personal name Ryual
RUSE, ROSE ros, heath or moor, RUSE is far more common in 1881
RYALL from personal name Ryual
SANDRY, SAUNDRY, SANDREY sentry, sanctuary or poss: varaint of SAUNDERS
SANDERS, SAUNDERS Cornish form of Alexander
SARA, SARAH unknown meaning
SAWLE, SAUL, SAULE, SOWELL, SOWEL poss: personal name Sawel or pss: Cornish form of personal name Saul
SAYCE saws, Saxon
SCABERIUS poss: variant of SCOBORYO
SCADDAN, SCADDON, SCADDEN poss: breakaway from Rosecaddon, Manaccan parish. Cadon was a Cornish personal name
SCOBEY unknown meaning
SCOBLE, SCOBEL, SCOBELL unknown meaning
SCOBORYO, SKYBURIOW skyberyow, barns.
SCOWN, SCAWN scawen, elder tree
SELLICK, SELLECK poss: from personal name Salac
SEMMENS, SEMMONS, SEMENS unknown meaning
SERPELL, SERPLE unknown meaning, seems to originate in St Dominick parish, Charnock suggests sarf-pol or serpent pool, however I doubt this as it would properly be rendered pol-sarf.
SHOLL unknown meaning
SHUGG, CHUGG poss: chogha, chough or jackdaw
SKEWES, SKEWS, SKEWIS, SKUES skewys, sheltered place
SLOGGETT, SLOGGATT poss: a personal name
SNELL snel, quick, speedy
SOADY, SOADEY saw-dy, safe house
SOWDEN, SOWDON souder-den, soldier-man
SPARGO, SPARGOE from place name Spargo, Mabe parish
SPARNON spernen, thorn bush
STEVENS, STEPHENS, STEAVENS Cornish form of Stephen
SWEET poss: from personal name Sweeta
TALLACK talek, big-browed
TALLING, TALLON, TALLAN, TALLAND from personal name Talon
TANGYE tan-(k)gy, fire dog (k mutates to g)
TASKIS, TASKES tal-skes, sheltered front
TEAGUE, TEAGLE te(k)g, fair or beautiful (k mutates to g), only 7 TEAGLEs were found in 1881
TERRILL, TERRELL. TERALL, TERIL, TYRELL from personal name Terril
THEW, THOW (d)thu, dark (d mutates to th)
THORNE, THORN poss: from thron, nose or point of land
TIDDY, TYHYDDY, TYHIDDY from the place Tehidy; poss: teghyjy, retreat or poss: chy heyjy, duck’s house.
TILLY, TILLEY poss: tylly, deserve, or worth
TINK, TYNK tynk, finch
TINNEY, TINNY poss: tanow, fires. poss: dinnow, forts.
TIPPETT, TIPPIT, TIPPET Cornish form of Thibaud
TOLL When Cornish poss: from Toll Farm in near Gunwalloe, there have been TOLLs residing here as far back as the 1500s; tol, hole.
TOMAN poss: tomen, earth bank
TONKIN, TONKYN, TONKING diminutive form of Anthony
TRAHAIR, TREHERE, TRAHAR, TRAHER tre(g)her, tailor (g is dropped) or tre-hir, long farm
TRANNACK tre-Vranoc, homestead of Branoc (b mutates to v) or tre-(G)wethenoc, Gwethenoc’s farm (g is dropped), the origin depends on the locale
TRATHEN, TRATHAN trethen, small sandy patch
TREAGO, TRAGO poss: tre-Jago, Jago’s farm
TREAGOVE tre-gof, homestead of the smith
TREASE, TREAS, TREICE, TRAISE, TRAYES, TRAYS tre-res, homestead by the ford
TREBARTHA poss: tre-wartha, higher farm
TREBARTHEN poss: tre-(p)berthy, homestead with bushes, (p mutates to b)
TREBELL, TREBBLE, TREBLE tre-(p)bell, distant homestead, (p mutates to b)
TREBILCOCK tre-bilgack, farm in place of heaps, or poss: tre-(p)byl-cok, homestead with cuckoo haunted hillock? (p mutates to b)
TREDINNICK, TREDINICK tre-dynek, homestead near little fort, or tre-redanack, homestead by fern brake
TREDREA, TREDRAY unknown meaning
TREDWEN poss: tre-res-(gw)wyn, dwelling by the fair ford, (gw mutates to w)
TREEN tre-theen, homestead by a cliff castle
TREEV, TREEVE poss: tre-an-Yuf, the Lord’s farm
TREFFRY, TREFRY tre-(b)vre, homestead or farm on a hill (b mutates to v) or tre-fry, Fry’s farm
TREFUSIS unknown meaning
TREGALE tre-an-Galla, farm of the Gaul
TREGANOWAN poss: tre-ganow, homestead at the hollow, or poss: tre-gonyow, homestead on the downs, poss: a variant of TREGONNING?
TREGARTHEN, TREGERTHEN, TREGURTHA tre-c(g)ar(dh)then, homestead with a thicket, (c mutates to g) (dh mutates to th) or poss: tre-gerthan, rowan-tree farm
TREGASKES, TREGASKIS tre-goskis, homestead or farm in a sheltered place
TREGAY, TREGEA, TREGO tre-(k)ge, homestead with hedge, (k mutates to g)
TREGEAGLE, TREGAGLE tre-(c)gagal, farm of dung, (c mutates to g)
TREGEAR, TREGEARE, TREGERE tre-ger, homestead by fort
TREGELLAS, TREGELLES poss: tre-(k)gellys, lost or hidden farm, or poss: tre-(C)Gelest, Celest’s farm
TREGEMBO tre-chy-(k)gember, farm by a house where streams meet, (k mutates to g)
TREGENNA, TREGUNNA tre-(K)Genna, Kenna’s farm, or poss: tre-gonyow, homestead on downs?
TREGENZA, TREGENSA tre-(k)gensa, first or formost farm
TREGGIDEN, TREGIDDEN poss: tre-(C)Gudyn, Cudyn’s farm, place found in St. Keverne. (c mutates to g)
TREGIDGO, TREGIDGA poss: tre-(k)gy-chyow, farm with kennels
TREGIDEON, TREGIDION poss: tre-Goedhyan, Goedhyan’s farm, old version of Gwithian
TREGILGAS, TREGILGUS tre-Gilgis, Gilgas’ farm
TREGLOWN, TREGLOAN, TREGLAWN, TREGLOHAN, TREGLOYNE, TREGLOWAN tre-(k)ge-loghyn, homestead with hedge by the little lake, (k mutates to g)
TREGLYN poss: tre-(k)ge-lyn, homestead with hedge by a pool, (k mutates to g) or poss: a variant of TREGLOYNE
TREGONING, TREGONNING tre-(k)ge-onnen, homestead with hedge of ash trees, (k mutates to g), or tre-(C)Gonan, Conan’s farm
TREGOWETH poss: tre-(c)goweth, homestead of companion, (c mutates to g)
TREGURTHA poss: tre-Gortha, Gortha’s farm
TREHANE poss: tre-Iahan, John’s farm or tre-Uanno, Uanno’s farm
TREHEARNE unknown meaning
TRELAWNEY, TRELAWNY tre-lonow, homestead of groves, or tre-launow, farm in clearing
TRELEASE tre-lys, homestead by the court or hall
TRELEAVEN, TRELEVEN, TRELIVING tre-leven, Leven’s farm
TRELEGGAN, TRELIGGAN, TRELOGGAN, TRELOGGIN, TRELEGAN, TRELEGON, TRELIGAN, TRELOGAN, TRELYGYN poss: tre-leghen, farm in the slate area. Possibly from Treleggan in Constantine parish. 
TRELOAR tre-lowarth, garden farm
TREMAINE, TREMAIN, TREMAYNE tre-meyn, farm by a stone
TREMBATH, TRENBATH tre-an-bagh, homestead in the nook or corner, or tre-an-bath, the boar’s farm
TRENBERTH, TREMBERTH tre-an-berth, farm by the bush
TREMBETH tre-an-beth, homestead by the grave
TREMBETHOW tre-an-bethow, homestead by the graves
TREMEARNE poss: tre-merans, farm of death
TREMEER, TREMEAR, TREMERE tre-mur, great farm
TREMELLING, TREMELLIN, TREMELLEN tre-melyn, mill farm
TREMENHEERE tre-men-hyr, homestead by the standing stone or long stone
TREMETHICK, TREMETHIC tre-methag, doctor’s farm
TREMEWAN, TREMEWEN tre-Mewan, Mewan’s farm
TRENANCE tre-nans, homestead in valley
TRENEAR, TRENEER tre-an-yer, chicken (hen) farm
TRENERRY, TRENERY, TRENARY tre(v)-an-erow, homestead in the field
TRENGOVE, TRENGROVE tre-an-go(f)v, the smith’s homestead (f mutates to v)
TRENGROUSE tre-an-grows, homestead by the cross
TRENHAILE tre-an-hal, homestead on the down or moor
TRENOUTH, TRENOWETH, TRENOWTH tre-noweth, new farm
TRENOWDEN tre-Renowden, Renowden’s farm, Renowden is Cornish form of Renaud or Reginald
TRENWITH tre-Iunwith, Iunwith’s farm
TREPRESS tre-pras, homestead in meadow
TRERISE, TRERICE tre-res, homestead by ford
TRESAWNA tre-saunyow, homestead near deep clefts in sea cliffs.
TRESCOWTHICK, TRESCOTHICK, TRECOTHICK, TRESKOWICKE? tre-scawek, homestead of elder grove
TRESEDER, TRESIDDER, TRESEDDER, TRESIDER tre-Seder, Seder’s farm
TRESISE, TREZISE tre-Saws, homestead of the Saxon
TRESTAIN tre-sten, homestead at tin bearing area
TRESTRAIL tre-strayl, homestead of mat or carpet maker
TRETHAKE tre-(D)Thaoc, Daoc’s farm, (d mutates to th)
TRETHEWEY, TRETHEWY tre-(D)Thewi, Dewi’s farm, Dewi is Cornish form of David, (d mutates to th)
TRETHOWAN tre-(D)Thewin, homestead of Dewin, (d mutates to th)
TREVAIL, TREVEAL tre-(M)Vael, homestead of Mael, (m mutates to v) or tre-(B)Veli, Beli’s farm (b mutates to v)
TREVAIN, TREVAINS, TREVEAN, TREVEYNES, TREVEANS, TREVAN, TREVEIGHAN poss: tre-(b)vyhan, little farm (b mutates to v) TREVAN might be not a variant but a separate surname
TREVAN prob: from place-name Trevan, Probus which was Talfan in 1361, hence poss: tal-ban, high-hillside.
TREVANION trev-Enyon, Enyon’s farm (tre becomes trev before a vowel)
TREVARTHA trev-Affa, Affa’s farm (tre becomes trev before a vowel)
TREVARTHEN, TREVARTON, TREVERTON trev-Arthien, Arthien’s homestead (tre becomes trev before a vowel)
TREVASKIS, TREVASKES tre-(M)Vaelscoet, Maelscoet’s homestead (m mutates to v)
TREVEAN tre-(b)vyhan, little farm (b mutates to v)
TREVELLICK poss: trev-Elec, Elec’s farm (tre becomes trev before a vowel), or poss: tre-(m)velynyk, homestead by the little mill (m mutates to v)
TREVELYAN, TREVILLION, TREVILIAN tre-(M)Vilian, Milian’s homestead (m mutates to v)
TREVENA, TREVENNA tre-(m)veneth, homestead on hill, or tre-(m)vun, homestead with mineral (m mutates to v)
TREVENEN, TREVENNEN tre-(m)veyn wyn, homestead of white stones, or poss: tre-venen, homestead of the woman
TREVETHAN, TREVETHEN tre-(b)vuthyn, homestead in a meadow (b mutates to v)
TREVETHICK, TREVITHICK tre-(B)Vudic, Budic’s homestead (b mutates to v)
TREVIGLAS, TREVEGLOS trev-eglos, church farm
TREVISA trev-ysa, lowest homestead (tre becomes trev before a vowel)
TREVIVIAN Itre-hiuin, yew farm, orposs: tre-Vyvyan, Vyvian’s homestead ?
TREVOR tre-(M)Vor, Mor’s homestead. Mor is a Cornish personal name.
TREVORROW, TREVERROW, TREVARROW tre-vorrow, homestead by the track, TREVORROW is by far the most common in 1881
TREW, TRUE unknown meaning
TREWARTHA tre-wartha, higher farm
TREWAVAS tre-(g)wavas, winter homestead (g is dropped)
TREWEEK, TREWEEKE, TREWEEKS tre-(g)wyk, homestead at wood (g is dropped)
TREWEN, TREWIN, TREWYN, TREWEEN tre-(g)wyn, white or fair homestead (g is dropped)
TREWERN, TREWERNE, TREWARN, TREWREN tre-Uren, Uren’s farm, or poss: tre-(g)wern, homestead by swamp (g is dropped)
TREWHELLA, TREWELLA tre-u(g)whella, highest homestead (g is dropped)
TREWOLLA poss: tre-(g)wallow, homestead by ramparts (g is dropped), it is quite possible and widely believed that this is simply an older form of TREWHELLA. The arms allowed to John TREWOLLA in 1573, contain three owls, a bit of word play? tre-ula, Cornish for three owls.
TREWORGIE poss: tre-(Gw)wrgy, Gwrgy’s farm (gw mutates to w)
TREZONA, TRESAWNE, TRESAWNA poss: tre-saunyow, homestead by deep clefts in cliffs
TRIGGS from Trigg, one of the Hundreds of Cornwall
TRINIMAN, TRENAMAN, TRENEMAN, TRINAMAN, TRINNAMAN poss: tre-nawmen, homestead by the nine stones
TRIPCONY, TRIPCONEY poss: tre-Kynan, Kynan’s homestead, the k should have mutated to g though. Kynan is poss: a form of Conan although there is a place-name Tregonning, treGonan, or Conan’s homestead so perhaps the two surnames are the same? A further poss: meaning, tre-conyn, rabbit farm, again the lack mutation is a problem
TRIPP unknown meaning
TROON tre-wun, homestead on the down
TROUNSON tre-rounsyn, homestead of donkey or nag
TROWAN tref-oghen, homestead of oxen
TRUDGIAN, TRUDGEON, TRUDGEN, TRUDGAN poss: tre-ojyon, homestead of oxen
TRURAN, TRUAN tre-Uren, Uren’s farm, or poss: tre-(g)wern, homestead by swamp
TRURO Likely derived from the place-name Truro.Obscure meaning poss: tri-(b)erow, meaning tree boilings, possibly from the three fast moving rivers that flow into the tidal creek here.
TRUSCOTT unknown meaning
TRUSSELL tre-(G)wystyl, Gwystyl’s farm (g is dropped)
TRYTHALL tre-(G)wrethal, Gwrethal’s farm (g is dropped)
TURK when Cornish, towarghek, peaty
TYACK tyak, farmer or peasant
UDY, UDEY, EUDY, EUDEY from St. Tudy a Breton saint
UGALDE uhel-dyr, high land
UGLOW uhella, higher, poss: meaning a yeoman
UREN, URYN, URAN, YOUREN gwern, swamp or marsh, poss: from personal name Ewryn
URSELL ysella, lowness, poss: lower people
USTICK, USTICKE, USTECK poss: Ust-yk, people of St. Just or poss: personal name Ustick
VAGUE, VAGE poss: brakaway from place name Trevague, Altarnun parish
VARCOE, VERCOE, VARKER, VARCAR probably Mark’s children (m mutates to v)
VARFULL poss: (f)vordh-uhel, high road (f mutates to v)
VIAN, VINE, VYAN, VIANT (b)vyhan, little (b mutates to v)
VEAL, VEALL, VEALE, VEIL, VAIL from personal name Beli, no VAILs were found in 1881
VEAR (m)veor, big or great (m mutates to v)
VELLACOTT poss: (m)velyn-cot, mill wood (m mutates to v)
VELLAM (m)velyn, mill (m mutates to v)
VELLANOWETH, VELLENOWETH (m)velyn-noweth, new mill (m mutates to v)
VELLNOWARTH, VELNOWARTH (m)velyn-(gw)varth, high mill or highest mill, (m mutates to v) (gw mutates to v)
VENNER, VENNOR (m)veneth, hill (m mutates to v)
VENNING (m)ven-wyn, white stone (m mutates to v)
VENTON (f)venton, spring or well (f mutates to v)
VERRAN, VERRANT, VERRENT, VERREN, VERAN, VERRIN poss: from ver, short, hence short of stature
VIAL, VIALL variant of VEAL
VICARY, VICKERY, VICORY if Cornish poss: vycarjy, vicarage
VIGUS poss: var-cos, top of wood
VINCENT, VINSON ooss: (f)venton, well or spring (f mutates to v)
VINGOE, VINGO poss: (m)ven-(k)gy, stone dog (m mutates to v) (k mutates to g)
VISICK poss: from place-name Trevisick, trev-ysak, homestead with corn field
VIVIAN, VYVIAN, VYVYAN from personal name Vivian
VOSPER (f)vos-por, pasture by ditch (f mutates to v)
VOS, VOSE, VOSS (f)vos, ditch or rampart (f mutates to v)
WALL (gw))wal, wall (gw mutates to w)
WALLACE, WALLIS, WALLICE, WALLES, WALES, WALLISH poss: from Saxon weales, strangers applied to native Britons
WARLEGGAN, WARLEGGGON, WORLEGAN poss: war-leghven, on a stone slab
WARN, WARNE, WEARNE (gw)wern, swamp or alder therefore same origin as UREN, (gw mutates to w)
WARREN, WARRAN (gw)ern, swamp or alder therefore same origin as UREN, (gw mutates to w)
WARRICK, WORRICK poss: from personal name Worek
WEEKS, WEEKES, WEEK (gw)wyg, wood or village, (gw mutates to w)
WEIGHELL poss: wheg-oll, dearest
WELCH, WELSH, WALSH from Saxon weales, strangers applied to native Britons
WENDON, WENDYN poss:(gw)wyn-den, white or fair man, (gw mutates to w)
WERRING, WEARING, WERREN, WERRIN poss: from personal name Weryn, or same derivation as WARREN
WHALE, WHELL, WHEAL, WHEALE whel, mine working, WHALE was by far the most common in 1881
WHEAR, WHEARE, WARE (gw)wer, green, or poss: whar, humble, Charnock says veor, great: (gw mutates to w)
WHERRY, WERRY, WHERREY, WEARY poss: from personal name Gweri
WHIDDEN, WIDDEN, WIDDON (gw)wyn, white or fair, (gw mutates to w)
WILLS, WILLIS, WILLES, WILCE, WILES poss: personal name Welet, very doubtful
WINTLE, WINDLE (gw)wennol, swallow, only WINTLE was found and this family came from England, (gw mutates to w)
WINN, WYNN, WYNNE (gw)wyn, white or fair, (gw mutates to w)
WINNAN, WINNEN poss: whennen, weeds
WITHELL, WITHIEL, WITHEL poss: personal name Guethyel
WOON (g)wun, downland, (g mutates to w)
WORDEN poss: from personal name Gworthan
WREN alternate derivation of UREN. Many URENs changed their name to WREN when they emigrated to the USA.
YELLAND poss: Jawl-lan, Devil’s enclosure, or poss: uhel-lan, high enclosure
YOULDEN, YOULTEN, YOULTON if Cornish, poss: uhel-den, high man
YOUREN alternate of UREN
ZELLEY from Zelah in St. Allen parish, poss: segh lan,dry enclosure

Informações Auxiliares

Patronymics (patronímicos)

The commonest surnames in Cornwall are derived from patronymics, the father’s first name being taken either without alteration, for example ‘John’, or with the addition of genitive ‘-s’ or, typically Cornish, ‘-o’, e.g. ‘Bennetto’ or ‘-y’ as in ‘Pawley’.[1]

Cornish surnames deriving from the Cornish language

Placenames (toponímicos)

The phrase Tre, Pol and Pen is used to describe people from, or places in, Cornwall, UK. Carew has By Tre, Pol and Pen You shall know the Cornishmen, however, Camden records the rhyme as By Tre, Ros, Pol, Lan, Caer and Pen You may know the most Cornishmen.[2][3][4]

  • Tre– in the Cornish language means a settlement or homestead
  • Ros(e)– heathland
  • Pol– a pond, lake or well
  • Lan– a religious enclosure
  • Car– either from carn, i.e. ancient tomb or rock pile, or from ker, a fortification
  • Pen– a hill or headland

Many Cornish surnames and place names still retain these words as prefixes, such as the names Trelawny or Trevithick and the towns of Polperro, Polkerris and of course Penzance. “Carbines” from “carn” “byghan” meaning “little rock pile”. Caution should be exercised with the derivation of “Car-” surnames as there seems also to be fusion with names containing the prefix “ker”, a fortification as in “Carvosso” “(ker)car” “fosow” meaning “fort with walls or ditches” a placename found in Ludgvan. There is also “carrek” meaning a “rocky mass”. “Rosdew” from Cornish “ros” “du” meaning “black heath” or “dark heath” and “Ros(e)warne” from Cornish “ros” “(g)wern” “heath with alders” or perhaps “heath by a marsh”. “Landry” from “lan” “dre” meaning “enclosure of farmhouse or church-house”. . Other examples of Cornish language placenames used as surnames:

  • Gwavas- from Cornish “gwaf” meaning “winter abode or pasture”- an area near Penzance and also the surname of a well-known Cornish family (William Gwavas)
  • Hammett- from Old Cornish [5] “havot” [Welsh “hafod“], a compound of “haf” (summer) and “bod” (dwelling). In East Cornwall, -m- was the Anglo-Saxon representation of the Cornish nasal -v-. [See Padel, Cornish Place-Name Elements (1985)]. Place-names: Hammett, Hammett Down in the parish of Quethiock; Great Hammett, Little Hammett in the parish of St Neot, Cornwall.
  • Tremethyk- tre-methag, doctor’s farm
  • Trenowden- tre-Renowden, Renowden’s farm, Renowden is the Cornish form of Renaud or Reginald
  • Penprase- from Cornish “pen”, “head” and “pras”, “meadow”- meaning the “head of the meadow” or perhaps “chief/head meadow”
  • Nan(s)- surnames- there are many Nan(s)- surnames in Cornwall, “nan(s)” meaning valley- for example Nankervis from “nans” and “kervys”, meaning “valley of the deer/stag” and Nankivell/Nancekivell “nans” “Cyfel”, “the valley of Cyfel” (Cyfel being a personal name) or perhaps from the Old Welsh/Cornish word “ceffyl” a “horse” .[6] Nanskeval is located on the parish boundaries of St Mawgan in Pydar and St Columb Major.

Nanskeval house at St Mawgan in Pydar, Cornwall. A possible location whence the surname originated

Trades (sobrenomes derivados da atividade ou ofício)

As in many other parts of Europe, names were used to describe the occupation of the head of the family. “Angove”, for example, being the equivalent to Breton (with the French article) Le Goff, Legoff, Legoffic, to English “Smith”, German “Schmidt” and Italian “Ferrero”- (Cor. gof=smith). Other examples of names derived from trades include “Dyer” (Cpr. tyor=thatcher) and “Helyer” (Cor. helghyer=hunter), both of which can be found in English too, i.e. “Thatcher” and “Hunter” respectively.[1]

Other examples:

  • Marrak from Cornish “marghak” meaning “knight” or “rider”
  • Gloyn(e) from Cornish “glow” “(pr)en” meaning “charcoal”, perhaps from the ancient profession of a charcoal burner

Animals (sobrenomes derivados de animais ou tótem)

Some surnames were derived from animals which may indicate that the bearer of some of these surnames may have made a living from hunting, examples include “Bligh” (Cor.blyth= wolf) or “Coon” (Cor.cun=hunting dog).

  • Gwinnel- possibly from Cornish “gwennol” meaning “swallow”

Festivals (sobrenomes derivados de festividades)

At least one known Cornish surname derives from the name of a festival, namely “Pascoe” from “Easter”.

Personal characteristics or nicknames (sobrenomes derivados de apelidos)

Another category of surnames is derived from personal characteristics or nicknames/hypocoristics . e.g. “Coad” (Cor.coth=old), “Couch” (Cor.cough=red) and “Tallack” (Cor.talek=wide-browed).[1]

Other examples:

  • Teague te(k)g- from Cornish “fair” or “beautiful”
  • Gwyn(n)- from Cornish “gwy(d)n” “white”

The surname Cornish (o sobremome córnico)

The surname “Cornish” with variants “Cornysshe”, “Cornyshe”, “Cornysh”, “Cornishe”, “Cornisshe” and “Cornis”- standardised as “Cornish”- is to be found throughout Great Britain and Ireland. The name seems to originate from a time when ordinary people were still not using surnames in the modern way. A native Cornishman who had left Cornwall for another part of Britain or Ireland was given the name “Cornish”, i.e. the Cornishman. In “A Dictionary of British Surnames”, P.H. Reaney (1976), the following entries and dates are to be found:[7]

  • Cornish, Cornes, Badekoc Korneys (1296)
  • John Corneys (1327)
  • Henry Cornysh (1375)

The first recorded instance is in the National Dictionary in 1547. It is likely that the Adam Corneys recorded in 1300 is identical to Adam Le Cornwalais recorded in 1275. Other related names to Cornish that designate a Cornish origin include “Cornwall”, “Cornwell”, “Curnow”, “Cornu”, “Kernew”, “Kernow” etc. In previous centuries these names may have alternated along with “Cornwallis” and “Le Cornwalais”.

“Welsh” names (nomes Galeses e Bretões dentro dos sobrenomes Córnicos)

Especially in West Cornwall, many names typically associated with Welsh are also found. In the Cornish language, ultimately a language linked to Welsh and Breton, the prefix ‘map’ may have been used, as in Welsh, to indicate the relationship of father to son, this later becoming “ap” (as in NW Breton area, Leon dialect, Breton WP) and then finally the “p” alone being prefixed to the name, e.g. (m)ap Richard becoming “Pri(t)chard”. Another feature of these patronymics was the diminutive suffix “-kin” being added the father’s first name e.g. “Tonkin”, which may derive from either Anthony or Thomas. It is a common misconception that a Welsh sounding name in Conrwall is less “Cornish” than a more stereotypical name beginning with tre-, pol- or pen.

  • Prowse/Prouse from “ma(b)p” “ros” meaning “son of the heath”
  • Prynne “ma(b)p” “Ryn”, “son of Rynne”

Surnames found at high frequencies in both Wales and Cornwall include:

Anglicised names and folk etymology (Anglicização de sobrenomes Córnicos)

Owing to the gradual language shift in Cornwall from the native Cornish language to English, approximately until the mid-18th century, some Cornish language surnames underwent change through folk etymology. The Cornish meaning of the name was no longer understood and so it was changed into a similar sounding English word, not necessarily anything to do with the original meaning in Cornish. The same process has been noted in Cornish placenames too. One example of this process regarding surnames is the surname “Kneebone” which actually derives from the Cornish “Carn Ebwen” or the “tomb”, “carn” of “Ebwen”. The change must have occurred at a point when the original “k” at the beginning of the English word was still pronounced and thus suggests an early period in which it was anglicised.

Non-Cornish language surnames typically associated with Cornwall (sobrenomes derivados de outros povos Não-Córnicos)

There are also many names typically found in Cornwall that may have a completely non-Cornish language origin, excluding those names taken from English, yet a strong association with the area. These names reflect the historical connections between Cornwall and Brittany and also the Norman occupation of Cornwall. The Normans themselves employed Bretons in the administration of Cornwall and thus “imported” Breton names in Cornwall are not unusual.

  • Vingoe- possibly of Norman origin from French “vin-gout” “wine taster”
  • Arundell– the name of an aristocratic family in Cornwall.
  • Arscott possibly from Breton “harscoet” meaning “iron shield”
  • Briton, Brittan etc. – from “Breton”, a name given to a Breton resident in Cornwall
  • Ferris – Of Scots origin, commonly found in the Restormel and Carrick areas.

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